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Titanium and Titanium Alloys

Titanium started to be used readily in the early 1950s when two important alloys were developed. It’s strength and corrosion resistance, combined with the fact that it has a density of 55% of steel, make it excellent for a variety of uses and lightweight alloys. Aerospace and jet engine components and golf clubs are just a few of its applications. It is suited for surgical implants and prosthetic devices because of its resistance to corrosion. It often forged and can be cold formed.

Summary

  • Name: Titanium
  • Symbol: Ti
  • Atomic Number: 22
  • Atomic Weight: 47.9
  • Density: 4.507 g/cm3 at 20°C ; β phase: 4.35 g/cm3 at 885°C
  • Standard State: Solid
  • Group in Periodic Table: 4
  • Period in Periodic Table: 2
  • Block in Periodic Table: d
  • CAS Registry ID: 7440-32-6

Physical Properties

THERMAL PROPERTIES

  • Melting Point: 1668 ± 10 °C
  • Boiling Point: 3260 °C (Estimated)
  • Thermal Conductivity: 11.4 W/m . K at -240 °C

ELECTRICAL PROPERTIES

  • Superconductivity: Critical Temperature, 0.37 to 0.56 K
  • Electrical Resistivity: 420 nΩ . m at 20 °C

MAGNETIC PROPERTIES

  • Magnetic Susceptibility: Volume, at room temperature: 180 (±1.7) x10-6 mks

OPTICAL PROPERTIES

  • Total Hemispherical Emittance: 0.30 at 710 °C

MECHANICAL PROPERTIES

  • Tensile Properties: Typical, room temperature tensile strength, 235 MPa; 0.2% yield strength, 140 MPa; elongation in 50 mm, 54%
  • Hardness: Ingot melted from: electrolytic titanium, 70 to 74 HB; iodide titanium, 65 to 72 HB
Titanium
22
Ti
47.9
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“Design engineers George LaFleur (left) and Richard Felberg (center) working with owner, Al Menzies (right) on a proprietary design in 1974”

About Standard Die

Standard Die is a precision metal stamper specializing in small parts made from thin grade specialty metals. Mastering refractory metals like tantalum and titanium and common materials like copper and steel, we pride ourselves in delivering the highest quality product with the best customer service in the industry.
Our metal stampings are of the highest quality, and our deep drawn and forming capabilities are among the best in the industry. We specialize in drawing small cups, cans, cones, crucibles and more, yet we are fully capable of forming brackets, rivets, clips, terminals and more.

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